# what is earned value in project management

In what is earned value in project management project management, earned value is a measure of progress. It is a technique that combines scope, schedule, and cost information to assess whether a project is on track and within budget.

## -What is earned value in project management?

The earned value is a project management technique that provides a systematic way to measure, monitor, and control project cost and schedule performance. It is a mathematical tool that uses actual work completed, planned work, and authorized work to calculate project performance.

The earned value technique is used to answer three key questions:

1. How much work has been completed?
2. How much work was planned to be completed?
3. How much work should have been completed?

The earned value technique can be used on any type of project, large or small. When used correctly, it can provide invaluable insights into a project’s health and help project managers make informed decisions about how to best allocate resources.

The earned value technique has its origins in the United States military. In the early 1960s, the US Department of Defense (DoD) was looking for a way to improve the cost and schedule performance of its weapon systems. The technique was first formalized in the 1968 DoD document “Earned Value Management Systems”.

The earned value technique is based on the concept of “value”, which is the worth of work that has been completed. The value of work is measured in terms of the cost that has been incurred to complete that work.

The earned value of a project is the sum of the values of all the work that has been completed. The earned value can be expressed as a percentage of the total project value, or as a currency value.

The earned value technique can be used to monitor and control a project in several ways:

1. To calculate the project’s cost performance index (CPI).
2. To calculate the project’s schedule performance index (SPI).
3. To calculate the project’s cost variance (CV).
4. To calculate the project’s schedule variance (SV).
5. To calculate the project’s estimated total cost (ETC).
6. To calculate the project’s estimated time to complete (ETC).
7. To calculate the project’s To complete performance index (TCPI).

The earned value technique is a powerful tool that can be used to improve the cost and schedule performance of projects. When used

## -The concept of earned value

The Earned Value Management (EVM) technique is a project management tool that provides a systematic approach for integrating scope, schedule, and cost information. It is a valuable tool for measuring project performance and progress. The EVM technique can be used in conjunction with other project management tools, such as the project management triangle and the project life cycle.

The EVM technique was first developed in the early 1970s by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and has since been adopted by many organizations, including the Project Management Institute (PMI). The EVM technique is based on three key concepts:

1. Planned value (PV): This is the total budgeted cost for the work that is scheduled to be completed.

2. Earned value (EV): This is the total budgeted cost for the work that has been completed.

3. Actual cost (AC): This is the total actual cost of the work that has been completed.

The EVM technique can be used to calculate a variety of project performance measures, such as the schedule performance index (SPI) and the cost performance index (CPI). These performance measures can be used to identify trends and issues early on in the project, so that corrective action can be taken to get the project back on track.

The EVM technique is a powerful tool for project managers, but it does have some limitations. One limitation is that it does not take into account the time value of money. Another limitation is that it assumes that all work is of equal value, which may not be the case in reality. Finally, the EVM technique does not account for risks and uncertainties, which can impact the cost and schedule of a project.

## -How earned value is used in project management

In project management, earned value is a measure of work performed. It is a tool that project managers can use to track the progress of a project and determine whether it is on track, behind schedule, or over budget.

Earned value is calculated by multiplying the percentage of work that has been completed by the total budget for the project. For example, if a project has a budget of \$100 and the project manager has completed 50% of the work, the earned value of the project is \$50.

Earned value can be used to track the progress of a project in several ways. First, it can be used to track whether a project is on schedule. If the earned value is less than the planned value, the project is behind schedule. If the earned value is greater than the planned value, the project is ahead of schedule.

Second, earned value can be used to track whether a project is on budget. If the earned value is less than the actual costs, the project is over budget. If the earned value is greater than the actual costs, the project is under budget.

Third, earned value can be used to track the progress of a project in terms of the work that has been completed. If the earned value is less than the planned value, the project is behind schedule. If the earned value is greater than the planned value, the project is ahead of schedule.

Earned value is a valuable tool for project managers because it can be used to track the progress of a project and identify problems early on. By using earned value, project managers can make course corrections to get the project back on track.

## -Benefits of using earned value in project management

The earned value management technique is a project management tool that provides objective measurements of progress. It is a systematic process that integrates cost, schedule, and scope baselines to measure and track project performance and progress. The earned value technique can be used in conjunction with other project management tools and techniques, such as earned value analysis and earned schedule.

The main benefits of using earned value management are:

1. It provides objective measurements of progress.

2. It can be used to track progress and identify potential problems early on.

3. It can be used to improve communication between project stakeholders.

4. It can help improve project planning and control.

5. It can help reduce the overall cost of a project.

## -Drawbacks of using earned value in project management

earned value in project management is a tool used to measure progress on a project. It is a mathematical formula that takes into account the planned value of work and the actual value of work completed. The earned value is then used to predict the project’s final cost and schedule.

There are a number of disadvantages to using earned value in project management. One of the biggest drawbacks is that earned value only measures progress at a single point in time. This can make it difficult to track the overall progress of a project, as well as identify any potential problems.

Another disadvantage of using earned value is that it can be complex to set up and calculate. This can make it difficult to use for small projects, or for those who are not familiar with the formula. Finally, earned value does not take into account the quality of the work completed, only the quantity. This can lead to a false sense of progress on a project, as well as potential problems down the line.